三人行えば、必ず我が師あり|中国古典 名言に学ぶ

三人行えば、必ず我が師あり

三人行えば、必ず我が師あり

第二章



三人行さんにんおこなえば、かならあり

ー三人行、必有我師焉ー   論語 述而篇
(論語:十巻二十編。孔子や孔子の門弟の言行を記したもの。
儒家の聖典とされている。四書の一つ。)

{原文}
子曰、
三人行、
必有我師焉、
択其善者而従之、
其不善者而改之。

{書き下し文}
子曰く、
三人行さんにんおこなえば、
かなら師有しあり。
そのき者をえらびてすなわちこれにしたがい、
その不善ふぜんなる者にしてすなわちこれをあらたむ。

三人行えば、必ず我が師あり

三人行えば、必ず我が師あり

{意解}
孔子はこの「三人行さんにんおこなえば、かなら師有しあり。」に、さらに
「その善なる者をえらびてこれに従い、 その不善なる者にしてこれを改む」
と加えている。

優れた人物からは、積極的に学べるし、
劣る人物は自分に反省の材料を与えてくれる という。

よって、この一文は 「かりに何人かで一緒に仕事をするとしよう。
私にとって、彼らはみな先生だ」 とかいせる。  

 前記したように 孔子は貧しい家庭に育ち、
早くより働いて家計を助け 、
生活の苦労の中で育った人物である。  
その状況の中で 学問で身を立てることを決意する。
貧しいゆえに 家庭教師や塾に学ぶことはできない。が

孔子は周囲の人々を先生とみなし、
見聞きする事、すべて 勉強の教科書とした。  
孔子も又 「他山の石、以って玉をみがくべし」 と、
自分を磨いたんですね。

「中国古典一日一言」守屋洋(著)をもとに、
自分なりに追記や解釈して掲載しています。

私たちは、日々、何をするにしても
大なり小なり、決断(選択)をしている
その折々に思い出し、
より善い選択(決断)ができるように
貴方も私も 在りたいですね。

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